PENZANCE, a sea-port and corporate town, in the parish of Madron and hundred of Penwith; is 282 miles from London, 109 from Exeter, and 10 from the Land’s End. It is situated on the north side of Mount’s Bay; the country surrounding it being mountainous, but the land remarkably fertile. The town, of late years, has received very great improvement; -the houses In general are handsome and convenient buildings, and the streets are tolerably well paved; although It is very difficult and expensive to keep the pavement in repair, from the heavy loads of copper ore and block tin, which are brought in wagons from the neighbouring mine’s and smelting-houses for ship­ment at this port.

  By some writers the name of this town is supposed to signify the ‘Saint’s Head;’ and this opinion is supported by the circumstance of the baptist’s head in a charger’ being the corporation arms. Others conceive it to have originated to its si­tuation, mid from thence called ‘Pensuavus,’ or ‘the head of the channel.’ Lelaud, In his itinerary, writes it ‘Pensantes.’ Few towns, with reference to size, are more flourishing. The trade of the port consists in exports of tin, in blocks, ingots and bars, to many foreign parts; and coastways in copper. tin, leather. &C. to London, Liverpool, Bristol and Wales’ pilchards to the Mediterranean, and oil to Ireland. its imports are, tallow, hemp and iron from St. Peterburgh; and timber from Norway, Prussia and America: it receives coastways. iron and coal from Wales; corn and flour from Norfolk, Sussex, Hampshire, and London; salt and bale-goods from Liverpool; groceries, bale-goods, and wine, spirits and porter, by regular traders, from London, Bristol amid Plymouth.

  A very excellent dry dock has been constructed, at a considerable expense; and the general regulations of the port are efficient and salutary. The tolls of the market, and dues of the pier, belong to the corporation; the former producing annually about £600. and the latter about £1,200. This is one of the coinage towns of the duchv, nearly two-thirds of the tin being exported from its pier; the remainder paying the duties at Truro.

  The town is governed by a mayor, eight aldermen, 12 common councilmen, a recorder, town-Clerk. A court of requests is held once a fortnight, for the recovery of sums under £50. at which the mayor, with the town-clerk, presides; and a hundred court, under the steward of the lord of the manor (Sir Christopher Hawkins, Bars.); also town sessions. on the Friday subsequent to the county sessions. The public institutions comprise a dispensary, affording relief to-the indigent sick poor; the ‘royal, geological society of Cornwall’, established in l8l3, with an extensive and interesting museum; a public library, gentlemen’s subscription and commercial news rooms, more than a dozen book-clubs; and handsome assembly-rooms at the Union hotel, &c. &c.

  The parish church is at Madron, about a mile and a half from the town: the living is a perpetual curacy, in the gift of the corporation; the Rev. C. N. Le Grice is the present curate. In the town are, a chapel of ease under Madron parish, with several meeting-houses for dissenters, and a Jews’ synagogue. Penzance is the birth-place of the late celebrated Sir Humhprey Davy: and, in speaking of talented persons, we cannot omit noticing, that it is at present the residence of Miss Hatfield, who has given to the world some very pleasing poems; this lady keeps a seminary of the most respectable class. A great many gentlemen’s seats are in the immediate neighbourhood, in every direction; they are too numerous to particularize. The views around Penzanee are patticularly pleasing, and the walks, and rides agreeable, through diversified scene­ry; and the prospects from the eminences are exten­sive and interesting. The markets are on Tuesday Thursday and Saturday. Thursday being the principal one; the fairs are, March 25th, and the Thursday after Trinity and before Advent Sundays. By the returns made in 1821, the population was as follows: Madron parish 7,235 Penzance chapelry being 5,224 of that number, and St. Michael’s Mount (extra-paro­chial) 223. Within the last seven years, however, It is estimated that the population of the chapelry has in­creased to upwards of 7,000 persons; amid more than 200 houses have been erected within the same period.

  MARAZION, or Market Jew, is a small market town in the parish of St. Hilary, and in the same hundred as Penzance, three miles from that town. This place -is said to have derived its name from having been much frequented by Jews 1 trading here some centuries ago, and who held an annual market for selling various commodities. In the reign of Queen Elizabeth it obtained a charter, vesting the government of the town in a mayor, 8 aldermen and 12 capital burgesses, with power to hold a weekly market. The situation of Marazion, and the mildness of the climate, occasions, its being much visited; indeed were it not for the frequent rains that fall in this part of the country, no spot could be found, either in Italy or the south at France, possessing a more mild and salubrious atmos­phere.

  From Marazion, at low water, there is a causeway, about three furlongs in length, to SAINT MICHAEL’S MOUNT, a place that well deserves the at­tention of the curious: at high tides it Is completely insulated by the sea, but at half tide It may be approached by the causeway just mentioned. The rock of which St. Michael’s Mount is composed is a hard granite, nearly bare of soil, and extremely steep and craggy; the height, from low-water-mark to the top of the chapel tower, is 240 feet; in circumference at the base it measures about three quarters of a mile; the mount gradually diminishes in size from the base, and is terminated in a very curious manner by the tower of a chapel upon its summit, making a complete pyramid on the side next Marazion St. Michael’s has a commodious and convenient pier, where about 40 vessels can harbour in security, lasting about two feet less water within the basin, than at Penzance. The parish church of St. Hilary is about two miles and o half from Marazion; but there is a chapel-of ease In the town, and one each belonging to the Methodists and Baptists. The market-day is Saturday, and there is one annual fair, held on Michaelmas day. The pa­rish of St. Hilary contained, in 1821. 2,8l1 inhabitants, and the town of Marazion being 1,253 of that number.


  Allen Miis Elzabeth, Marazion,                   Andrews John Daniel, gent. Wellington terrace.

Armstrong Major John,  Rosecadgel             Baker Jno. esq. St. Michael’s mount

Bloomfield Miss Eliz. North parade               Boaat John, gent. Alverton st

Boase John, gent. Castle Horneck                Boase Mrs. Henry, Alverton  st

Borlase Miss Eliza, Marazion                       Borlase Saml.. esq Castle Horneck

Childs John, gent. North parade                   Clapham John, esq. North parade

Clemens Mrs. Elizabeth, Marazion                Cock Francis, gent. North parade

Cole Miss Kitty. Marazion                          Cornish Mrs. Jane, Marazion

Cundy John, gent. New st                           Curtis Mrs. Catherine Park corner

Dennis the Misses, Chapel st                             Edwards Mrs. Wilmot, South parade st  terrace

Edwards Richard. gent. Alverton                  Ellis Miss Mary, Park corner

Evans Capt. Wm. R.N. Belle-vue cott.           Eve Miss. Wilmot, North parade

Giddy Capt. Charles, R.N. Madron                 Gilbert Davies, esq. Tredrea

Harvey Mrs. Jane, Newlyn                           Harvey Rev. Wm. Woodis, Chapel st

Hill Mrs. Catherine, South parade                  Hoskin Mrs.Rebecca, Market Jew st

James Mrs. Elizabeth, Marazion                     Jenkins Mrs. Market Jew st

John George, esq. Chapel st                          John Mrs. Ann, Wellington terrace

John Thomas, gent. Chapel st                        Lee Mrs. Chyandour cliff

Le Grice Rev. Charles Valentine, Terief house, Madron

Longlands Mrs. South parade                        Maddison Geo. Bow, gent. Newlyn

Michell Mrs. Cath. Wellington terr                  Millet Mrs. Eliza, Chapel st

Millett William, gent. Marazion                       Morgan Mrs. CaroIine, Marazion

Morris Rev. Geo. Regent terrace                      Moyle Miss Elizabeth, Marazion

Newton Miss Mary,  Marazion                        Nichols Joseph, esq. Chapel st

Nichols Miss Cath. Wellington p1                    Nunn Win, gent. Regent terrace

Parkhurst Rev. Fleetwood, Alverton terrace       Pascoe Mrs. Kitty, Chapel st

Paul Miss Mary, Wellington place                   Paynter John, esq. Bookenna

Pearce Mrs. New st                                       Peel Mrs. William, Alverton

Peel Thomas. esq. Alverton                            Pengelly William, gent. Madron

Penneck Miss Frances, Chapel st                     Penneck Rev. Henry, MarketJewst

Peters Rev. William, Alverton st                      Peyton Mrs. Susanh. North ,Parade

Pidwell Mrs. Mary, Alverton st                        Pidwell Sam’. gent. Alverton terr.

Pope Emanuel, gent. Wellington p1                   Price Sir Rose, bart. Trengwainton

Richards Robt. gent.  Alverton terr                   Roberts Mrs. Eleanor, North parade

Robins Rev. Thos. South parade                     St. Aubyn  Sir John, bart. St. Michael’s Mount          

Scobell -John, esq. (Magistrate) Nancealverne

Scobell Mrs. Edward, Poltair                            Shoveller Rev. John, Chapel st

Stocker Lieut. R. N. Burton castle                      Symons John, gent. (surveyor of   taxes) Market Jew st

Tench Lieut. Gen. R.M. Chapel St                     Tonkin Rev. Uriah, Rosehill

Townsend Rev. John H. Marazion                    Treluddra Miss Mary, Marazion

Trembath Jas. gent. Market Jew St                    Tremenheere Henry Pendarvis, esq. Treneere house

Tremenheere Mrs. Abbey St                             Veale Rev. Win. ‘l’revavlor Gulvel

Veale Win, gent. Wellington place                     Vibert the Misses, Market Jew st

Wallis William, gent. Park corner



Not otherwise described are Day Schools.

Berryman & Cox, ladies’ board­ing; Alverton st               Bramwell Joseph, Queen st Cock James, Newlyn

Daniel Arthur, Newlyn                                                FREE GRAMMAR SCHOOL—Rev. C George Morris, master

FREE  SCHOOL, Marazion—John Hollow. Master            Hatfield Sibella Elizabeth, (ladies’  boarding & day) Chapel st

Hichens Grace, Newlyn                                               Hoskin Joseph, Park corner

Jacques Christiana, Park corner                                    Painter Catherine, ladies’ boarding and day Queen st

Parsons Mary, Marazion                                                           Pollard Francis, Newlyn

Scott Frances, North parade                                         Sutherland John, Leskiunick place



 See also Fire, &c.  Office agents

  Blight Wm. (mine) Marazion                                      Crouch Edward Auson, commission,  Chapel st

Hatfield John Westbv, Chapel st                                 Oxley Ambrose, (mine) Marazion

Paddy Samuel, ship and commission,  Quay                   Pearce Richard, to Lloyds, and for the underwriters of France,

The Netherlands, Denmark and Sweden, for the Dutch consulate, and to the admiralty

Thomas Jon. General Market Jew;  



Branwell Thomas, Chancery Lane                                    Edmonds Richard, (and notary public) Chapel st

John George Dennis, (and town. clerk) offices, North parade

John Samuel, Alverton                                                    Millett Richard, North parade

Nichols Wm. Elford, Church st                                          Pascoe Humphrey, Alverton st

Pavnter Francis, Alverton st                                             Paynter John Tyeth, Chapel st




Edmonds Henry, Queen’s square                                           Hatfield John Westbv. Chapel st

Marrack Alexander, Regent terrace                                         Thomas Wm. Davis, Chapel st

Thomas John, Market Jew st                                                   Thomas John, jnr. Market Jew st

  ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  ----------------



Allen Elizabeth, Market Jew st                                                    Carberry John, Market Jew st

Carter Richard, Market place                                                      Charles Andrew, Queen st

Dale John, (ship bread) Quay st                                                   Hawke Richard, Market place

May Ann,  South parade                                                            Phillpott Thomas, Chapel st

Stephens Thomas, Green market                                                   Trahair Thomas, Newlyn

Trewhella John, Church St                                                           Victor John , Marazion

Victor WiIliam, Park corner                                                          Warrin Ralph, Newlyn

Williams Joseph, Market place                                                      Rowe Jakeh, Newlyn

Williams David, South parade st




Charles William Mathews Quay St                                           Higgs Jonathan, Quay st



Marked thus• are also Pnnters.

*Downing James, Market Jew st                                                Lavin John, (binder) Chapel st

*Rowe Edward, Market place                                                   Thomas John, Market Jew st

Trenbath Benjamin,  Green market                                             Vigurs Thomas, Chapel st


Angwin William, John’s place                                                      Bramble William, Queen st

Brownfield Thomaa, Alverton st                                                  Carpenter Thomas, Alverton st

Commons George, Market Jew st                                               Dennithorne Michael, Abbey st

 Dennithorne William John's place                                                 Gendall James Church St

Gendall Richard, Church St                                                          Gibbs John, Queen st

Martyn John, Queen st                                                                  Matthews Thomas, Leskinnick pl

Osborne Richard, Marazion                                                          Read John, Church st

Read Matthew, Church st                                                              Reynolds Sampson, Market place

Richards Richard, Marazion                                                           Sampson John, Newlyn

Sampson John, jun. Newlyn                                                           Sampson Richard, Market Jew st

Small Robert, Market Jew st                                                          Stephens George, Alverton terrace

Thomas Ritchard, Market Jew st                                                     Trenwith John, Leskinnick place

Trenwith Nicholas, Leskinnick pl                                                     Tresider William, South place

Vingoe Alexander, Alverton terrace                                                Wallis Charles, Market Jew st

Wallis George, Market Jew st



Boney Caleb Leskinnick place                                                        Oats Richard, Marazion

Rowse Walter, Market place                                                            Small William, Market place

Stewart Thomas, Church st                                                               Tonkin Uriah, Market Jew St



Corin Jos. (retail) Market Jew st                                                         Corin Philip, (retail) Queen st

Carin Philip Burn, (retail) Madron                                                       Gurney & Downing, Tolcarne

Luke John, Market Jew st



Marked thus • are also Architects.

Crocker John, North parade                                              *Hambleton Edward & Son, North parade

Hamilton John, Alverton st                                                        Harvey James & Edwd. Church st

WalIis Joseph, Park Corner



Cock John Church st                                                                   Dennithone James, John,’s place

Edmonds Andrew, Marazion                                                       Edmonds Walter, Marazion

Edmonds Walter, jun. Marazion                                                   Martins Henry, Church st

Newton Isaac, John’s place                                                          Newton William, Church st

Paul John, John’s place                                                                 Reynolds Henry, Park corner

Richards John, Marazion                                                               Richards Peter, Market Jew st

Rodda John, Alverton st                                                                Rodda William, Church st

Rowe Michael, Alverton st                                                             Sutherland Joseph, New st



Crocker John, North parade                                                          Hambleton,Edw.& Son,Nrth parade